Jawbone loss & deterioration is a serious threat to oral health, overall wellness, and appearance. Dr. Howard Stevenson, Dr. Stephen Fairchild, and Dr. Timothy Surber share this information to help those in the Valparaiso & Merrillville, IN area gain a deeper understanding of jaw bone and related issues.
The start of jawbone deterioration
Tooth extractions can be an initiating factor. When an adult tooth is not replaced with a dental implant, bones loses vital stimulation from roots that keeps it strong. While the rate of bone depletion is unique to each person, a great deal occurs during the first 18 months, and it continues throughout life. A denture or bridge restores the visible portion of a missing tooth, but these prosthetics are not embedded in jawbone (as a dental implant is), so they do not aid in bone preservation.
Other factors that may contribute to bone deterioration:
- Dental trauma – When a tooth is avulsed (knocked out) or broken off below the gum line, communication to bone tissue is lost. Nerves and vital pulp in an intact tooth may die from repeated trauma or dental work, eventually leading to bone loss.
- Teeth misalignment issues – When teeth are crooked, they do not bite together correctly. Teeth without opposition – not in contact with a tooth in the opposite arch. The body tries to compensate for a tooth without opposition but pushing it out further. Over-eruption exposes sensitive root structure and leads to bone loss.
- Periodontal disease – Gum disease is a chronic bacterial infection that starts with inflamed gingival tissue. Without treatment, gum disease deteriorates the periodontal ligament, cementum, and eventually alveolar bone.
- Osteomyelitis – Another type of bacterial infection affecting the maxilla or mandible and bone marrow by limiting blood flow with active, severe inflammation. This condition, though rare, can be serious and require significant surgical repair.
- Sinus deficiencies – Hyperpneumatized sinus is a result of upper molar extractions. Without those large teeth entrenched in bone, increased air pressure in the maxillary sinus enlarges the cavity and elicits bone resorption.
- Other issues – TMJ problems, unusual wear from bruxism, congenital or developmental abnormalities, and tumors can interfere with your ability to chew properly, thus reducing bone stimulation.
Help for jawbone loss & deterioration in Valparaiso & Merrillville, IN
If you live within driving distance of Valparaiso & Merrillville, IN, the most important thing to know about jawbone loss & deterioration is that expert bone grafting treatment is nearby. Call Stevenson, Fairchild & Surber OMS at (219) 307-4382 .